Cartridges : Projectiles : Gas Checks : Fuzes & Tubes

Victorian Ammunition : Fuzes and Tubes

 

Friction Tubes




Handbook of Artillery Material Morgan 1886
FRICTION TUBES.
Description. - In order to ignite the charge in pieces of ordnance having forward or radial vents, friction tubes are used, made of copper for land service and of quill for the navy, copper tubes being liable to injure the men’s feet and also to rebound from the overhead beams or tops of turrets.
There are four descriptions of copper friction tubes, viz. long, short, special for 7-pr. R.M.L. guns, and special long with wire loop.
The short tube is 3 inches in length, and is used for guns under the 7-inch : it consists of a copper tube driven with mealed powder, and pierced with a central hole. The top is closed with shellac putty, the bottom with a paper disc. At 1/4-inch from the top a hole is bored and in this is soldered a short nib-piece or cylinder which is further secured by copper wire. The nib-piece contains a copper friction bar roughened on both sides and smeared over with damped detonating composition : one end of it is slightly turned up and the projecting end terminates in a vertical loop. The nib-piece is pinched down so as to press on the sides of the friction bar. The lanyard is hooked to the vertical eye, and on pulling it sharply, the friction bar is drawn out, igniting the detonating composition, and firing the tube : the hole down the centre of the mealed powder causes the tube to act instantaneously. (Pl. XII. Fig. 2.)The “long” tube is 5 inches in length and is used with 7-inch guns and upwards ;(note *) it is similar in other respects to the short tube. The special tube for 7-pr. R.M.L.(note t) guns is 2 inches in length.
The special long with wire loop is the long tube with a wire loop attached : to the end of the loop a small lanyard is hooked and hitched on to the carriage in order to prevent the tube flying about.
Tubes in general.-The eye of the friction bar in the older patterns of tubes is horizontal. The present pattern is more convenient for packing, and also the tube is on firing less likely to be drawn out of the vent.
All tubes have a diameter of 2/10-inch, that of the vents being in all cases 2/9-inch, except axial vents.
They are packed in tin cylinders which are on no account to be placed in a magazine. A tin tube box holding 100 tubes is used for the service of garrison guns : leather tube pockets being used for field service.
Quill tubes are similar in their action to copper ones : to the head of the tube is fastened a leather loop which is passed over the friction-tube pin, that is screwed into the gun when issued for sea service ; its object being to support the head when the pull of the lanyard comes on it.

 

Tubes, Friction, Copper

Tubes, Friction, Copper

Tube, Friction, Copper, Solid Drawn
Tube, Friction, Copper, Solid Drawn

 

Tubes, Friction, Quill

Tubes, Friction, Quill

Tube, Friction, Copper, Land Service Short, Mark II

Tube, Friction, Copper

Lands Service, Short Mark II

Tube, Friction, Quill, Short Mark VI

Tube, Friction, Quill, Short

Mark VI

Tube, Friction, Drill, Mark I

Tube, Friction, Drill

Mark I

Tube, Friction Copper, Solid Drawn Mark III

Friction Tube, Copper,

Solid Drawn

With Ball Mark II

Tube, Friction Copper, Solid Drawn Mark III

Friction Tube, Copper,

Solid Drawn

Without Ball Mark III

Tube,Friction T. Mark IV
Tube,Friction T. Mark IV

Tube,Friction T. Push Mark I
Tube,Friction T. Push Mark I

   

 

Tubes Vent Sealing and Electric

 

These tubes are used with axially vented B.L. and R.M.L. guns.

The axially vented RML guns are 10.4-inch, 12.5-inch Mark III 16-inch and 17.72-inch.
For R.M.L. guns having vent heads, being distinguished by the letter V.
For B.L. guns having vent-masking slides, by the letter M.
For B.L. guns having percussion locks, by the letter P.

Tube,Vent-Sealing, Friction V and M.
These are almost similar, but the V pattern has a longer draw wire and a projection on the top of the tube, and the M has the loop of the draw wire screwed on. The tube is of brass, and bored out to receive the wire for attachment to the lanyard, the steel closing-cone, friction bar and charge of powder ; the exterior of the body is tapered to fit the vent. At the top of the head there is a small projection fitted with a safety shearing pin which passes through the wire for the lanyard. The inner end of the wire is secured and soldered into a steel cone, and the lower end of the latter is fitted with a copper friction bar. The friction bar passes through a copper disc which is placed in front of a shoulder in the tube, and also through two small oval copper tubes, which are filled with detonating composition and compressed over the bar. The lower portion of the tube is filled with R.F.G. powder, and a cork plug coated with shellac closes the mouth.

On pulling the lanyard attached to the wire, the safety pin is sheared, and the friction bar is drawn through the detonating composition, and the steel cone being forced into the cone at the upper end of the tube, seals all escape of gas.

Tube, Vent-Sealing, Electric V and M are externally similar to the frictional ; two insulated copper wires are inserted through the head, and are connected in the tube by a platinum bridge sur-rounded by priming composition ; the passage of the current fuses the bridge and fires the tube.
Tube, Vent-Sealing Percussion.-This tube is used with axially vented B.L. guns having percussion locks. The tube is of solid drawn brass ; in its upper part an anvil is screwed over which is a percussion cap ; the anvil is bored through its axis, and the tube is filled with loose powder. On firing, the thin portion of the metal at the top is crushed in by the point of the striker of the percussion lock, and the cap ignited. Mark II. tube has a brass striker passing through its head ; Mark III. has the end of the tube closed by a brass ball embedded in sulphur, which clears the vent and also crushes up the prisms, facilitating their ignition (6102). Electric V and friction V are also fitted with this brass bail. Mark I. tubes are obsolete (6626).

Tube, Vent-Sealing Electric P.-The tube is of brass, and exter-nally similar to the percussion tube. The wires, entering the head, pass through plugs of asbestos and ebonite, and are connected by4 a bridge of platinum wire surrounded by gun-cotton dust and powder ; the remaining space is filled with powder. The sealing is effected by the ebonite plug being forced up the cone against
the asbestos. The tube has a brass ball, as in Mark III.

 

Tube, Electric, Naval, High Tension

Tube, Electric, Naval, High Tension

Tube, Electric, Naval, Low Tension

Tube, Electric, Naval, Low Tension

Tube, Electric No.17 Mark I

Tube, Electric No.17 Mark I

(for use with time guns)

Tube, Vent-sealing Percussion Electric P Mark I
Tube,Vent-Sealing, Percussion

Electric P Mark I

 

Tube Vent Sealing Percussion
Tube,Vent Sealing, Percussion

 

 

 

Vent Server

 

Vent Server Mark I
Vent Server Mark I

Lanyard with Hook

Handbook of Artillery Material Morgan 1899
LANYARDS, FRICTION TUBE, GARRISON.
These are designated by numbers.
No. 1 is used for 16-inch, 12.5-inch (II.) and 10.4-inch R.M.L. guns.
No. 2 is for use with guns on disappearing carriages under 9.2 inch.
No. 3 is for use for all B.L. and R.M.L. guns ordinarily.
No. 4 is for use with 17.72-inch R.M.L. guns.
No. 5 is for use with 9.2 and 10-inch on H.P. mountings.

They are all of white line, tarred. No. 3 is 8 feet 8 inches long, and is fitted with a hook at one end and a toggle at the other; near the hook end a piece of line with a loop is spliced for attachment to the lanyard guide. Nos. 1 and. 4 have no toggle or spliced piece. No. 1 is 11 feet 10 inches in length, No. 4 is 15 feet, No. 5, 16 feet.
Lanyard, Friction Tube, Siege.-Nos. 1 and 2. No. 1 is used for R.M.L. and R.B.L. siege guns and howitzers, and No. 2 for do. B.L. (6136).

 

Lanyard with hook

Fuzes

 

Thanks to John D. Bartleson Jr. for supplying plates for this gallery.

 

 

Fuze, Percussion, Pettman, General Service
Fuzes, Percussion,Pettman

General Service Mark I

Fuze, Percussion, Pettman, General Service MarkII

Fuze, Percussion, Pettman, General Service

Mark II

Fuze, Percussion, Small Mark I

Fuze, Percussion,

Small Mark I

Fuze, Percussion, Small, Mark I

Fuze, Percussion,

Small, Mark I

Fuze, Percussion, Royal Laboratory Mark II
Fuze, Percussion

Royal Laboratory Mark II

Fuzes, Percussion, Royal Laboratory Mark III
Fuze, Percussion,

Royal Laboratory Mark III

 

 

Fuzes, Percussion, Direct Action Mark I
Fuzes, Percussion

Direct Action Mark I

Fuze, Percussion, Direct Action, No.1 with Cap, Mark IIIFuze, Percussion, Direct Action, No.1 with Cap, Mark III

 

 

Fuze, Percussion, Direct Action Delay No.10 Mark I

Fuze, Percussion, Direct Action Delay No.10 Mark I

Fuze, Percussion, Direct Action Delay No.10 Mark II

Fuze, Percussion, Direct Action Delay No.10 Mark II

Fuze, Percussion, Direct Action Delay No.10 Mark III

Fuze, Percussion, Direct Action Delay No.10 Mark III

Fuze, Percussion, Direct Action Impact No.13 Mark V

Fuze, Percussion, Direct Action Impact No.13 Mark V

Fuze, Percussion, Direct Action, Impact No.45 Mark III

Fuze, Percussion, Direct Action, with Cap No.17 Mark III

Fuze, Percussion, Direct Action Impact No.18 Mark II

Fuze, Percussion, Direct Action Impact No.18 Mark II

Fuze, Percussion, Direct Action, Impact No.19A Mark I

Fuze, Percussion, Direct Action, Impact No.19A Mark I

Fuze, Percussion, Direct Action, Impact No.45 Mark III

Fuze, Percussion, Direct Action, Impact No.45 Mark III

Fuze, wood, Time Pettman Percussion G.S.

Fuze, wood, Time

Pettman, Percussion

11 and 12-inch RML Guns

Fuzes, Time, Muzzle Loading Boxer Mark III
Fuzes, Time,
Wood, Boxer

Muzzle Loading, Mark III

Fuze, Time, Wood, with detonator 15 seconds Mark III

Fuze, Time, Wood, with detonator 15 seconds Mark III

Fuze, Graze, No.4

Fuze, Graze

No.4

Fuze, Percussion, Base, Armstrong No.9

Fuze, Percussion, Base, Armstrong No.9

Armstrong, Time & Concussion, Medium, Mark II

Armstrong, Time & Concussion, Medium, Mark II

Fuze, Time, Metal, Armstong Cap Mark III

Fuze, Time, Metal, Armstong Cap Mark III

Fuze, Time & Concussion, Short, Mark I

Fuze, Time & Concussion, Short, Mark I

Fuze, Percussion, Base, Large No.11 Mark IV

Fuze, Percussion, Base, Large No.11 Mark IV

Fuze, Percussion, Base, Large bronze No.16 Mark I

Fuze, Percussion, Base, Large bronze No.16 Mark I

Fuze,Time 15 seconds No.25 Mark IV

Fuze,Time 15 seconds No.25 Mark IV

Vickers 5inch

Vickers 5inch

Armstrong,bolt Percussion Fuze

Armstrong,bolt.

Percussion Fuze

(For Naval BL Guns)

Fuze, Time, Sensitive, Long No.23  Mark I

Fuze, Time, Sensitive

Long No.23 Mark I

Fuze, Time,Middle No.24

Fuze, Time

Middle No.24

Fuze, Time,Sensitive, Middle No. 24  Mark I

Fuze, Time,Sensitive, Middle No. 24 Mark I

Fuze, Time and Percussion, Middle No. 54 Mark III

Fuze, Time and Percussion, Middle No. 54 Mark III

Fuze, Time and Percussion, Middle No. 56 Mark IV

Fuze, Time and Percussion, Middle No. 56 Mark IV

Fuze, Time and Percussion, No. 60 Mark II

Fuze, Time and Percussion,

No. 60 Mark II

Fuze, Time and Percussion, No.62 Mark II

Fuze, Time and Percussion,

No. 62 Mark II

 

 

Drawings (c) by John D. Bartleson Jr.

 

British Armstrong Patent 779 April 10 1858

British Armstrong Patent 779 April 10 1858

British Armstrong Percussion Fuze

British Armstrong Percussion Fuze

British Armstrong Pillar Percussion Fuze

British Armstrong Pillar Percussion Fuze

British Armstrong Pillar Percussion Fuze

British Armstrong Pillar Percussion Fuze

British Fuzing and Burster Assembly for Armstrong Segmented Shell

British Fuzing and Burster Assembly for Armstrong Segmented Shell

Percussion Direct Action Impact No.18

Percussion Direct Action Impact No.18

British 7.5 Second Boxer Metal Time Fuze

British 7.5 Second Boxer Metal Time Fuze

Percussion Boxer

Percussion Boxer

Percussion Boxer External View

Percussion Boxer External View

Percussion Boxer Unidentified

Percussion Boxer Unidentified

Time Boxer 3second

Time Boxer 3second

Time and Percussion No.54 Mark III

Time and Percussion No.54 Mark III

Armstrong Time Fuze E Mark III

Armstrong Time Fuze E Mark III

Armstrong Tim Fuze Sectioned No22

Armstrong Time Fuze Sectioned

No.22 1860-1904

Armstrong Time No.22

Armstrong Time No.22

Armstrong B.L. Percussion

Armstrong B.L. Percussion

Armstrong Time Fuze setting ring

Armstrong Time Fuze

setting ring

Armstrong Time Fuze

Armstrong Time Fuze

Armstrong Time Fuze

Armstrong Time Fuze

Armstrong Time Fuze

Armstrong Time Fuze

No4 Fuze

No4 Fuze

Percussion B.L. Plain Mark I

Percussion B.L. Plain Mark I

Whitworth Percussion Fuze

Whitworth Percussion Fuze

 

Time 15sec M.L.

Time 15sec M.L.

Time Wood Boxer

Time Wood Boxer

30 second RML

Time Wood No.40 Mark I

Time Wood No.40 Mark I

Time Vavasseur

Time Vavasseur

 

 

Example photographs (C) by John D. Bartleson Jr.

 

Example photographs (C) by John D. Bartleson Jr.

Example photographs (C) by John D. Bartleson Jr. Example photographs (C) by John D. Bartleson Jr. Example photographs (C) by John D. Bartleson Jr.
Example photographs (C) by John D. Bartleson Jr. Example photographs (C) by John D. Bartleson Jr. Example photographs (C) by John D. Bartleson Jr. Example photographs (C) by John D. Bartleson Jr.
Moorsom Fuze: Example photographs (C) by John D. Bartleson Jr. Armstrong Pillar Fuze: Example photographs (C) by John D. Bartleson Jr. Boxer 20second  Fuze: Example photographs (C) by John D. Bartleson Jr. Boxer 20second  Fuze: Example photographs (C) by John D. Bartleson Jr.

Detonators

 

Detonator Electric No.9
Detonator Electric No.9 Mark II

Detonator Electric No.11
Detonator Electric No.11 Mark II

 

 

 

Friction Tube Pouch

 

The Friction Tube Pouch (Leather Tube Pocket) was for use in Field gun batteries and on board ships.

Friction Tube pouch (reproduction)
Friction Tube Pouch

(reproduction)

Friction Tube Pouch (reproduction)
Friction Tube Pouch

(reproduction)

 

 

Fuze Tins

Fuze Tins (Tin Cylinders) were for use in Garrision guns and held 100 tubes. They were not to be stored in magazines but could be placed on the Fuze and Tube Shelf in a shell store.

 

Fuze, Time and Percussion tin (original)
Fuze, Time and Percussion

No.58 - Tin

(original) - Malta

Fuze and Tube Tins (original)
Fuze and Tube Tins

(original - Malta)

 

 

 

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