United Kingdom Fortification Data

 

For a list of forts that have Scheduled Ancient Monument status visit this page. Scheduled Ancient Monuments

For a list of Royal Commission Forts visit this page. Royal Commission Forts

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The data takes the form

Name/ Map reference /Location/ Type/ Date of construction/ Condition and details

The list is not exhaustive. More will be added.
For individual fact sheets go to the Research page.
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A list of Fort Data sheets, some of which can be downloaded, can be found on the FortLog page.

 

United Kingdom Fortification
Abbs Point Battery NZ 407593 Abbs Point Roker, Tyne and Wear, Coast Defence Battery, on National Trust property, buried.

Admiralty Pier Turret Battery (2 x 6-inch Mk 7) built on top Admiralty Pier Fort (Dover Turret) TR 324 399 Dover, Kent Coast defence battery Begun 1872, enlarged 1885 Condition not good. Only surviving 16-inch 80-ton RMLs in unique land service turret. Pier Turret Battery (2 x 6-inch Mk 7) built on top of fort 1908/09 - some remains.
Agaton Fort
SX 455595 Plymouth North East defences land front polygonal fort, 1863/71 HVG testing centre. Overgrown in places but much remains. Access by prior arrangement.
Amherst Fort, Chatham. Part of the Napoleonic Lines of defence upgraded and re-used by the Victorians.
Ardhallow Battery Dunoon, Clyde, Coast Defence Battery 1901. Private Property
Fort Albert SZ 330 890 I.O.W. Sea 1852/6 Now converted to flats, no access.
Fort Austin SX 506576 Plymouth NE Defences right flank, City Engineers' Dept. Largely intact.
Beacon Hill Fort TM 262317 Harwich ,Line of gun emplacements of varying types including HP. Overgrown but possibly to be developed soon.
Bembridge Fort SZ 626 859 I.O.W. Land 1862/67 was industrial unit. Mostly intact, future unknown (1999).
Fort Blockhouse SZ 625 994 Portsmouth, Hants Coast defence battery Now part of military centre. Visits only by arrangement.
Fort BorstalTQ 737 657 Chatham, Kent Land 1870s, but proposed by Royal Commission Original and eponymous Borstal Institution. Sold 1990 and again in 2000. Mainly derelict with an unknown future.
Bovisand Fort SX 487 507 Plymouth, Devon Land Royal Commission Fairly good condition. Later emplacements on roof. Used by diving school and accessible.
Bowden Battery (Fort) SX 497583 Plymouth land defence, now used as a garden centre. Much remains. Ditch filled.
Brean Down Fort ST 280 593 Bristol Channel Coast defence c.1870
Fort BridgewoodsTQ 738 652 Chatham, Kent Land 1890. Demolished, nothing remains above ground.
Fort Brockhurst SU 597 020 Portsmouth, Hants Land 1850s, adopted by Royal Commission English Heritage Condition deteriorating badly
Browndown Battery SZ 582 989 Gosport, Hants. Coast defence battery 1888/89 Still in military hands. Conserved and accessible by arrangement.
Brownhill Battery SX 494510 Staddon Heights, Plymouth. Open battery for moveable armament. Overgrown and derelict.
Fort Burgoyne (originally Castle Hill Fort) TR 324 427 Dover, Kent Land Royal Commission Still in use by Army. Maintained by PSA. Ditch cleared. Eastern and Western Outworks at TR 327 424 and 321 425 respectively are in poor condition with ditches choked and outworks very overgrown.
Calshot Battery SU 479025, Coast Defence Battery, Calshot Spit, Hants, 1897. Nothing remains.

Castle Hill Fort See Fort Burgoyne
Cawsand Fort SX 434 504 Plymouth, Devon (fort in Cornwall) Sea Royal Commission Now converted to holiday flats
Cemetery Battery Hartlepool NZ 513349 The Kop, Hartlepool. Coast Defence Battery for 2 guns. 1893/94. Demolished/buried. Open site.
Chapel Bay Battery SM 861035 Milford Haven, Coast Defence Battery, No access - Privately owned.
Citadel (The), Western Heights TR 308 405 Dover, Kent Land Begun late 1790s, Adopted by Royal Commission Now Young Offender Institution. Condition appears quite good but large new accommodation block built on terreplein 1990. Scarp and counterscarp gunrooms. Ditch kept clear.
Cliff End Battery SZ 333 890 I.O.W. Coast defence battery 1862/8 Mostly demolished. Site used for holiday bungalows.
Cliff End Fort See Fort Albert.
Cliffe Fort TQ 707 767 Thames Kent, Fort and Coast Defence Battery, Royal Commission Later Brennan torpedo station, apparently of two periods. Accessible by arrangement.
Coalhouse Fort TQ 692 768 Thames (Essex bank) Sea Royal Commission Fair condition and undergoing slow restoration
Crookhorn Redoubt SU 682 067 Portsmouth, Hants Land Royal Commission Mr D Moore Outwork to Fort Purbrook. Never completed and demolished by 1876. No remains.
Crownhill Fort SX 487 592 Plymouth, Devon Land Royal Commission Owned by Landmark Trust. Restoration under way and fort in very good condition.
Culver Down Battery SZ 636855 South Isle of Wight, Eastern edge of Culver Cliff. Coast Defence battery 1904. Car park and viewing point. Some emplacements recently excavated. Easy access.
Fort CumberlandSZ 682 290 Portsmouth, Hants Napoleonic bastioned fort 1794/1812 English Heritage CentreSemi-derelict.
Dale Fort SM 823051 Milford Haven, Coast Defence Battery, 1850/1856, Field Studies Centre.
Fort Darland TQ 782 666 Chatham, Kent Land 1870s, but proposed by Royal Commission Demolished
Darnet Fort TR 807 707 Medway, Kent Sea

Defensible Barracks SM 961031 Milford Haven, Bastioned defensible barracks, 1841 Mostly empty partly occupied. No access without prior permission.
Drake's Island SX 469 528 Plymouth, Devon Coast defence batteries on island Royal Commission Casemated RML battery; open RML and later batteries.
Drop Redoubt, Western HeightsTR 317 411 Dover, Kent Coast defence battery C19. New magazine adopted by Royal Commission Little left of battery but magazines survive in surprisingly good condition.
Drop Redoubt, Western Heights TR 316 411 Dover, Kent Land Begun 1790s. Added caponiers adopted by Royal Commission In poor state. Part restored and open (DDC). Ditch cleared.
East Tilbury BatteryTQ 687 774 Thames (Essex bank) Coast defence battery, RMLs on disappearing mountings
East Weare BatteriesSY697739 West side of Portland harbour below The Verne Citadel Series of four batteries A to D.
Eastney Batteries (East and West) SZ 666986 & 670988 Portsmouth, Hants Coast defence batteries 1861 West privately owned, East part of RM Museum complex, reasonable condition but no access.
Fort Efford SX515566 Plymouth NE defences Right Flank, polygonal land fort, Privately owned, heavily overgrown, no access.
Egg Buckland Keep, SX500581 Plymouth North East defence barracks. DIY centre.
Fort Elson SU 599 029 Gosport, Hants Land 1853/8 Still in military use. Derelict and heavily overgrown in parts.
Ernesettle Fort SX448589 Plymouth North east defences Left flank, land front polygonal fort, Unused but inside perimeter of RN armament depot. no access.
Fort Fareham SU 573 049 Portsmouth, Hants Land front polygonal Royal Commission Now a mini-industrial estate. Condition poor. Readily accessible but undergrowth difficult to penetrate.
Farlington Redoubt SU 687 065 Portsmouth, Hants Land Royal Commission Outwork to Fort Purbrook. Never fully completed. Demolished 1970s.
Flat Holm ST 221649 Bristol Channel Coast defence batteries C19 Visit by arrangement with Cardiff County Council.
Forder Battery SX502582 Plymouth NE defences. heavily overgrown and derelict. Part built on.
Frenchman's Battery NZ388664 Near Frenchman's Point - River Tyne, Coast Defence Battery, Demolished/buried.
Freshwater Redoubt SZ 345 856 Freshwater, I.O.W. Coast Battery Completed 1856 Now privately owned, condition poor.(for sale 1999)
Garrison Point Fort TQ 908 756 Sheerness, Kent Sea Royal Commission Used by Sheerness dock
Fort Gilkicker SZ 606 975 Portsmouth, Hants Sea Royal Commission Bought by Hampshire County Council 1987 and used as store. Fair condition and some restoration proceeding but casemated emplacements earthed up on outside. Later 6 and 9.2-inchBL emplacements on top. No access.
Golden Hill Fort SZ 339 879 I.O.W. Polygonal fortified barracks Royal Commission No access.
Fort Gomer SU 588 993 Gosport, Hants Land 1853/8 Sold for demolition 1964. Nothing remains.
Grain Fort TQ 890 767 Isle of Grain, Kent Land Royal Commission Demolished but site recognisable
Grain Wing Battery TQ 891764 Isle of Grain, Kent Barbette Coast Defence battery. Demolished. Nothing remains
Grain Dummy Battery TQ893757 Isle of Grain, Kent Barbette Coast Defence battery. Mostly Demolished but site recognisable and some concrete remains.
Grain (New Isle of Grain) Battery TQ 890764 Isle of Grain, Kent Barbette Coast Defence battery. Demolished nothing remains.
Grain TowerTQ 909 760 Isle of Grain/Medway, Kent Sea C19 Fair condition. Later 6-inch emplacements and WW2 barrack block on stilts alongside tower. (Unofficial) access possible.
Grand Shaft TR 316 409 Dover, Kent Spiral staircase Early 1800s Triple spiral staircase for rapid military access between Grand Shaft Barracks and town.
Grand Shaft Barracks TR 316 409 Dover Barracks c.1800
Fort Grange SU 590 002 Portsmouth, Hants Land 1850s, adopted by Royal Commission In fair condition but ditch filled and all 'bomb-proofing' earth removed. Identical to Brockhurst. Within perimeter of HMS Sultan Naval Base.
Grange Redoubt (Twydall Redoubt No.1)TQ 798686Chatham, Kent Infantry redoubt built in place of proposed land fort 1870s, but proposed by Royal Commission
Hatherwood Battery SZ 308 857 I.O.W. Coast defence battery 1865/9 Most of battery fallen into sea: Some remains.
Hawkins Battery SX439516 Plymouth Coast Defence HA battery, Much remains as a private caravan and chalet park.
Heugh Battery (Hartlepool Battery) NZ552339 Hartlepool Headland. Coast Defence Battery for 2 guns. 1859/60. 2005 undergoing extensive renovation.Open site.
Hilsea LinesSU 650 045 to SU 670 040 Portsmouth, Hants Continuous bastioned line 1858/64 Overgrown and derelict in places, cleared in others. Accessible for most of length.
Hoo Fort TR 796 703 Medway, Kent. Built in the River.
Horse Sand Fort SZ655949 Spithead Sea Fort, Derelict, sold by the Portsmouth Dockyard Property Trust in 2003. Being developed by Optima (Cambridge) Ltd.
Fort Horsted TQ 752 651 Chatham, Kent. Land 1870s, but proposed by Royal Commission.
Hospital Battery, Dover Castle TR 327 416 Dover, Kent Coast defence battery C19 Very few remains. WW2 Port war Signal Station on site.
Hubberstone Fort, SM890054 Milford Haven, Coast Defence Battery, 1860/1863, Derelict but due for alteration for modern use.
Hurst Castle SZ 317 898 Portsmouth, Hants Sea Henrician core with Royal Commission R.M.L. casemates added. E.H. Under restoration and in good condition. Open standard hours Summer, weekends Winter.
Knowles Battery SX463596 Plymouth NE defences land front polygonal 1863/70 In the grounds of a school. Some remains including entrance.
Laira Battery SX515563 Plymouth NE Defences Right Flank, Land front polygonal, Plant Hire contractor's yard. parts derelict or destroyed.
Landguard Fort TM283319 Felixstowe, Pentagonal Fort with bastions, Open to public.
Languard Right Wing Battery TM 284317 East of Landguard Fort. Coast Defence Battery

Landguard Left Wing Battery TM 285320 Seaward, East of Landguard Fort, Coast defence Battery. Rare Tressider's cartridge store preserved. Site a nature reserve with no access.

Landguard Minefield (Darrell's) Battery. TM 283319 West of Languard Fort overlooking Harwich Harbour. Coast Defence Battery built 1900. Crown Land with E.H. lease.
Langston Redoubt SU 688 049 Portsmouth, Hants Land Royal Commission Never built. A27 now runs over site.
Lavernock Battery ST188681 Bristol Channel defences, 1870, Now a holiday camp
Lighthouse Battery
NZ534338 Hartlepool Headland, Coast Defence Battery 1859/60. Demolished, site open access.

Lindisfarne Castle NU136417 Built 1550 and used during 19 Century for coast defence. National Trust Property.
Littlehampton Fort (Redoubt) TQ 028 012 Littlehampton, Sussex Sea 1850s Condition very poor. Barracks and much of redoubt demolished and ditch almost completely filled by shifting sand dunes. Similar to Shoreham Redoubt but Carnot wall has open bastions, not caponiers.
Lumps Fort (Battery) SZ 657 984 Portsmouth, Hants Coast defence battery 1861/65 Now public garden but recognisable as battery.
Fort Luton TQ 762 660 Chatham, Kent Land 1870s, but proposed by Royal Commission
Fort Matilda SN 258781, Whiteforeland Point Greenock, Clyde. Coast Defence, 1814, Demolished
Fort MoncktonSZ 612 979 Gosport, Hants Sea front fort, bastioned. Updated Napoleonic Still in use, actively preserved. No access.
Mount Edgcumbe Garden Battery SX 457 526 Plymouth, Devon (battery in Cornwall) Coast Defence Battery Royal Commission Major F Woodward Casemated RML battery, in good condition
Nell's Point Battery ST122663 Barry Island, Bristol Channel, Coast Defence Battery, 1899. Now demolished.
Fort Nelson SU 608 072 Portsmouth, Hants Land Royal Commission Bought by Hampshire County Council 1978 and leased by Royal Armouries as out-station. Condition good and restoration proceeding. Open all year.
Newhaven Fort TQ446002 Land front with Coast Defence battery. 1864-71 Owned and maintained by Lewes District Council, Open to the public.
New Needles Battery SZ 300 848 I.O.W., Needles Passage Coast Battery Completed 1895 Mothballed 1945, sold to National Trust 1975. Only magazines and B.C. Post remain.
New Tavern Fort TQ650744 South bank of Thames at Gravesend. Open battery with shields. 1869-72. Open as a public garden and museum. Much restored.
Nodes Point Battery SZ 635898 I.O.W. St Helens Point/Nodes Point Coast Defence Battery Completed 1904. Now part of Nodes Point Holiday Park. Guard House and Drill Hall remain.
No Mans Land Fort, SZ 639938, Spithead sea fort, Converted to a luxury private residence, no access without permission. On the market 2005.
North Centre Bastion, Western Heights TR 311 408 Dover, Kent Land Royal Commission Condition fair. Stairs down from terreplein (now playing field) blocked. Quite rare scarp gallery. Ditch very choked.
North Centre Detached Bastion, Western Heights TR 311 409 Dover, Kent Land Royal Commission Condition fair. Two chicanes in poor condition. Quite rare scarp gallery. Ditch very choked.
North Entrance, Western Heights TR 313 409 Dover, Kent Land Royal Commission Condition not bad except for bridges, which are almost gone. Ditch very choked. Used for storage by E.H. One adjoining water tank empty, other two almost filled with earth.
The Nothe Fort SY687787 Weymouth Coast defence Fort. Owned and opened by Weymouth Civic Trust. Museum Good condition.
Old Needles Battery SZ 296 848 I.O.W., Needles Passage Coast Battery Completed 1863 Mothballed 1945, sold to National Trust 1975. Under restoration and open during Summer.
Outside the fort on the foreshore are the remains of and old RML practice battery and a 3-pounder QF battery.
Paull Point BatteryTA 169255 Hull, Humber. Coast Defence Battery. Completed 1864. Actively conserved. Opened July 2000 as the Fort Paull Visitors Centre and Armouries.

Fort Perch Rock Mersey, Coast Defence. Completed 1829.guns removed in 1954, fort sold in 1958. new owner began restoration in 1976.
Picklecombe FortSX 455 517 Plymouth, Devon (fort in Cornwall) Sea Royal Commission Now converted to luxury flats: two tier iron shields removed but general appearance not too altered from a distance
Plymouth Breakwater Fort SX 471 502 Plymouth, Devon Sea Royal Commission Appears to be in fair condition
Polhawn BatterySX 421 492 Plymouth, Devon (battery in Cornwall) Coast Defence Battery Royal Commission, Private ownership.
Popton FortSM 894037 Milford Haven, Coast Defence Battery, 1859/64, Empty.
Portkill Battery SN 251805 Portkill Point Kilcreggen, Clyde, Coast Defence Battery 1900, Private Property
Portland Breakwater Fort End of Portland Breakwater Circular single tier iron and granite coast defence fortRoyal Commission. Now empty and derelict
Puckpool Mortar Battery SZ 615 923 I.O.W. Coast defence mortar battery 1863/65 Sold to District Council 1928. Parts demolished, accessible.
Fort Purbrook SU 678 064 Portsmouth, Hants Land Royal Commission Bought by Portsmouth City Council 1969. Open by arrangement: condition good - partly restored. Used as Youth Activities Centre.
Raleigh Battery SX441513 Plymouth Coast Defence barbette battery 1890/94 Overgrown but much remains, on private land.
Redcliff BatterySZ 638 855 I.O.W. Coast defence battery 1861/63 Completely fallen into the sea. Nothing remains of site.
Fort Rowner SU 592 011 Portsmouth, Hants Land 1859/62, adopted by Royal Commission Still in use by Navy and recently (1996) cleared of undergrowth. Identical to Brockhurst. Within perimeter of HMS Sultan Naval Base.
Sandown Barrack Battery SZ 590 830 I.O.W. Coast defence battery 1861/63 Accessible
Sandown Fort SZ 597 839 I.O.W. Coast defence battery 1861/66 Zoo in sea-facing casemates. Privately-owned but accessible.
Scoveston Fort SM944066 Milford Haven, Land Front Fort, 1861/64, empty and overgrown. Privately owned. Bat roost.
Sconce Point Battery See Fort Victoria
Fort Scraesdon SX 393 549 Plymouth, Devon (fort in Cornwall) Land Royal Commission Used for training troops No access
Shoreham RedoubtTQ 234 405 Shoreham, Sussex Sea 1857 Condition quite good, but Coastguard station built on one magazine and barracks at gorge demolished. Carnot wall with caponiers. Nearby WW2 emergency battery disappeared but good brick searchlight emplacement survives.
Shornmead Fort TR 692 748 Thames (Kent bank) Coast Defence Battery, Royal Commission. On site of earlier fort. Blown up by R.E.s. Fronts of casemates only left.

Shotley Point BatteryTM 341251, Shotley Point, Harwich, Harbour Defence Battery, 1863-65 Mostly demolished. Underground portion remain.
Shotyard Battery, Dover Castle TR 328 416 Dover, Kent Coast defence battery C19 Condition surprisingly good but very overgrown
Shoulder of Mutton Battery, Dover Castle TR 324 416 Dover, Kent Coast defence battery C19 Condition surprisingly good but very overgrown
Slough Fort TQ 839 785 Isle of Grain/Medway, Kent Sea Royal Commission, Intact and used as a riding school.
South Front Barracks TR 312 403 Dover Casemated barracks c.1800
South Gare Battery NZ 558280 South Gare Breakwater, Hartlepool. Coast Defence Battery. 1890/91.Damaged but viewable.
South Hook Fort SM 870055 Milford Haven, Coast Defence Battery, 1859/1865, Empty, future use unknown.
Southsea Castle (flanking batteries) SZ 643 980 Southsea, Hants Coast defence batteries C19 Now public garden. Most emplacements filled in but some still visible.
Fort Southwick SU 626 068 Portsmouth, Hants Land Royal Commission Was Admiralty Research Establishment (H.M.S. Fort Southwick) and inaccessible. Condition good. Sold 2003 for storage and accommodation.
Spanish Battery OS374692 Priors Haven-River Tyne demolished/buried, aprons of gun emplacements visible.
Spitbank Fort SZ 636 972 Spithead, Hants Spithead Sea Fort, Royal Commission Purchased 1971 and open during Summer. Mostly restored. Sold August 2005. Future unknown.
Steynewood High Angle Battery SZ641896 Bembridge Isle of Wight, Coast Defence HA battery, Fair condition with much remaining. private residence, no access.
St Helen's Fort SZ 648 899 The Solent, Hants (just off I.O.W. shore) Sea fort, Royal Commission, Now empty: condition unknown
St Martins Battery, Western Heights TR 315 408 Dover, Kent Coast Defence battery Completed by 1877. Good RML battery (3 x 10-inch). WW2 6-inch emergency battery (Western Heights Battery) built on top of C19 battery. C19 main magazine (extended to form WW2 deep shelter) now blocked off.
Stack Rock Fort SM 864049 Milford Haven, Sea Fort, 1861/1871, Derelict
Staddon Fort SX 497517 Plymouth Devon, Land front fort, Military communications. Good condition
but mostly empty.
Stamford Fort SX493527 Land Fort, overlooking Plymouth harbour. Privately owned, country club and caravan park. Barrack converted to flats. Parts are derelict.
Steep Holm ST 229 607 Bristol Channel Coast defence batteries on island C19/C20 Visit by arrangement.
Stokes Bay LinesSZ 586 989 to SZ 608 978 Gosport, Hants Rampart and ditch with flanking batteries 1857/61 Ditch filled in. Course can be followed and some batteries remain.
Thorn Island Fort SM 846038 Milford Haven, 1852/1857, Sea Fort, Was a hotel, Present use unknown.
East Tilbury (Coalhouse) Battery TQ 687775 Thames south bank near Coalhouse fort, Coast defence barbette battery 1890/91 overgrown on private land.
Fort Tregantle SX 387 535 Plymouth, Devon (fort in Cornwall) Land Royal Commission Still in use by army, except for keep: in good condition, except for keep.
Tregantle Down High Angle Battery. SX 391531 Nothing remains. Now a car park.
Twydall Redoubt TQ Chatham, Kent Infantry redoubt built in place of proposed land fort 1870s, but proposed by Royal Commission.
Tynemouth Castle NZ373694 Tynemouth English Heritage, Open to the public.
The Verne Citadel SY692735 Portland. Large fortress on heights of Portland Designed 1857 with ammendments by Royal Commission in 1859Now a prison for young offenders.

Upton Battery SY742815 Osmington, Weymouth. Built in 1902 to defend Weymouth and the approaches to portland. 2 x 6-inch B.L. 7 2 x9.2inch B.L. replaced by 2 x Naval in 1940. Private residences.
Verne High Angle Battery SY 694732 Portland Battery for six HA RML guns on Heights adjacent to The Verne Citadel Open site
Fort Victoria SZ 339 898 I.O.W. Coast defence battery 1852/55 Partly demolished 1969 but sea-facing casemates remain. Accessible.
Fort Wallington SU 589 069 Portsmouth, Hants Land Royal Commission 80% demolished by developer 1961/62. Part of redan and gorge wall remain.
Warden Point Battery SZ 325876 Isle of Wight Coast Defence battery, Walls and magazines remain, rest converted to holiday camp but now a housing development.
Watch House Battery SX 488509 Plymouth, Staddon Heights. Coast Defence Battery. Mostly intact. School's holiday accommodation. Easily viewed.
Wave Basin Battery NZ409581 Coast Defence Battery, On a Mole adjacent to South Pier - River Wear, Mostly intact, view with permission from Port of Sunderland Authority.
Western Heights TR 305404 to TR317411Dover, Kent Generally fair condition. For details see under Citadel, Drop Redoubt, North Centre Bastion, North Centre Detached Bastion, North Entrance, Western Outwork
Western Heights Battery See St Martins Battery
Western Outwork, the Citadel, Western Heights TR 306 404 Dover, Kent Land Royal Commission Condition very poor. Part occupied by Young Offender Institution (see Citadel). Most of ditch of remaining part filled by Dover District Council in 1960s and good double caponier buried.
Whitesand Bay Battery SX 408515 Plymouth Whitesand Bay. Coast Defence Battery 1888/92 Caravan park, Some emplacements remain.

Whitesand Bay Practice Battery SX 406515, Plymouth, Whitesand Bay Volunteer Practice Battery, !895 -1897, in front of Whitesand Bay Battery. Emplacements extant.
Fort Widley SU 658 064 Portsmouth, Hants Land Royal Commission Bought by Portsmouth City Council 1972. Opened by arrangement: condition good - partly restored.
Woodlands Fort. SX 471593 Plymouth. Land Front Polygonal, Part of barracks formerly used as a library. Ramparts and ditch overgrown. Now being managed by the resident Community Centre.
Woodlands Redoubt (Twydall Redoubt No. 2) TQ 796681Chatham, Kent Infantry redoubt built in place of proposed land fort 1870s, but proposed by Royal Commission
Yaverland Battery SZ 612849 I.O.W. Coast defence battery 1861/63 Holiday camp, some pits remain. Accessible with permission.